Chamaeleo dilepis
Status: Least Concern
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Chamaeleonidae
Genus: Chamaeleo
Threat: harmless
Venom/Toxin: none
Description: The flap-necked chameleon is a large chameleon, with males growing up to 30.5 cm in total length and females growing up to 22.9 cm in total length. The basic coloration of the creature ranges through various shades of green, yellow, and brown. There is usually a pale stripe on the lower flanks and one to three pale patches higher on the flanks.
Tags: chameleon

General Information

The Flat necked chameleon is one of the most common chameleon species found in Zambia. It gets its obvious name from a flap like crook shape on its neck.
Length: up to 35 cm

Ecology and Behaviour

The flap-necked chameleon is solitary animal. It only comes together with other chameleons to mate. The Flat necked chameleon will normally make hissing noises when it feels threatened and it can spit out saliva as a way to deter predators. The flap-necked chameleon is a carnivore. Its diet consists mainly of insects, but it will also eat small lizards, birds, and mammals. The flap-necked chameleon is an ambush predator. It uses its long tongue to catch its prey, which it can do in as little as 1/60th of a second!

Diet

The Flat necked chameleon is a carnivore that eats a variety of invertebrates, although large individuals may take geckos and other chameleons. The species is itself commonly preyed on by snakes such as the boomslang and the twig snake.

Reproduction

The adult female flap-necked chameleon lays 10-40 eggs in a hole dug in soil. The eggs take 10–12 months to hatch.

Conservation

It is categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as a, " Least Concern "
Trend: uncomfirmed

Distribution and Habitat

The Flat necked chameleon inhabits coastal forest, moist or dry savannah, woodland and bushy grasslands, and may also venture into rural and suburban areas. It has a very wide distribution, occurring throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa from as far north as Ethiopia and Somalia to a western extreme of Cameroon, and as far south as northern South Africa.

Interaction with humans

The Flat necked chameleon is in heavy demand for the international pet trade, being the third most highly traded chameleon species. Culturally, the chameleon is one of Zambian’s most feared and misunderstood reptiles. They are considered to be bad omens, especially if you see one crossing the road. They are also locally thought to be poisonous and if you are bitten by one you will then turn into different colours (They are not poisonous, nor their spit and you won't change colours )

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