Citrus limon
Status: Least Concern
Type: Evergreen
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Appearance: Lemons are round, large, yellow in color, 3-6cm in diameter, and contains acidic juice vesicles.

General Information

The lemon (Citrus limon) is a species of small evergreen trees in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, native to Asia, primarily Northeast India (Assam), Northern Myanmar or China.

Uses

The leaves of the lemon tree are used to make a tea and for preparing cooked meats and seafoods. Lemon oil is extracted from oil-containing cells in the skin. A machine breaks up the cells, and uses a water spray to flush off the oil. The oil/water mixture is then filtered and separated by centrifugation. The peel can be used in the manufacture of pectin, a polysaccharide used as a gelling agent and stabilizer in food and other products. Lemon juice, rind, and peel are used in a wide variety of foods and drinks. The whole lemon is used to make marmalade, lemon curd and lemon liqueur. Lemon slices and lemon rind are used as a garnish for food and drinks. Lemon zest, the grated outer rind of the fruit, is used to add flavor to baked goods, puddings, rice, and other dishes.

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